Biochar links

Visit the International Biochar Initiative Visit the Bioenergy Lists Visit Dr. Paul Taylor's 'The Biochar Revolution' site Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation Visit Dr. TLUD - be inspired! The Aprovecho Sustainability Education Center - home of the famous 'stove camp' Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy's GEO portal Read about 'Charmaster Dolph's' biochar exploits Learn about important biochar research in Oz Biochar Industries - biochar for sale in NSW Carbon farming (eg. biochar) for direct action? The secret of El Dorado - a must see The Japan Biochar Association The Ithaka Institute Illinois Biochar Backyard Biochar Finger Lakes Biochar Aqueous Solutions - Biochar for water filtration Kon-Tiki: The democratisation of biochar production Dr Paul Taylor's youtube channel The Kon-Tiki in pictures Dr Hugh McLaughlin's NextChar biochar resources Digital Commons - explore free full-text articles Dr Bruce Logan's portal for microbial fuel cells (MFCs) Hemp for Supercapacitors - carbonisation of hemp bast fibres (into carbon nanosheets) for supercapacitors Hemp for Supercapacitors - the video Biochar activated by oxygen plasma for supercapacitors 'Biochar activated by oxygen plasma for supercapacitors' - additional info in the free online patent application 'The secrets of El Dorado viewed through a microbial perspective' - ties together the importance of electron transfer in the biochar substrate -relates to previous MFC and supercapacitor research The Geobacter Project - maybe used for an inoculant for the biochar-compost fuel cell A quick overview of phytoliths Comparative analysis of the microbial communities in agricultural soil amended with enhanced biochars or traditional fertilisers Effects of Enriched Biochars Containing Magnetic Iron Nanoparticles on Mycorrhizal Colonisation, Plant Growth, Nutrient Uptake and Soil Quality Improvement A Combination of Biochar–Mineral Complexes and Compost Improves Soil Bacterial Processes, Soil Quality, and Plant Properties

Business model links

Other links

Resources

Biochar kiln information

The Flat Modular Biochar Kiln (FMBK)
Modular, lightweight, flat-packable (transportable), extendable (expandable volume). Good for most sizes of feedstock eg. bamboo, rice straw. Can be used as a 'swale machine' using the FMBK in hybrid mode by digging a pit underneath the kiln. Every burn can be used to extend the length of the swale. To obtain soil-free biochar, use a soaked HD canvas drop sheet (experimental)/soaked carpet (ensuring no gaps on top of kiln) to snuff the burn. To obtain a biochar blend, use soil from the pit, compost and additional clay if available to snuff the burn. Leave some of mix in swale for planting and remainder for top soil layer in wicking beds or wicking pots. Soil-free biochar for wicking aquifers & aquaponics. If mix is too alkaline, to quote Dr PT "sprinkle on some Iron sulphate as you go. You can spray on some phosphoric acid to the milled or un-milled biochar; do a titration on a small volume first to see how much you need".
Flat Modular Biochar Kiln (FMBK).pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.4 MB
The Flat-Tiki Tent (FTT) kiln
Modular, lightweight, flat-packable (transportable). Good for shorter/smaller feedstock. I would recommend 2mm hot rolled and pickled steel since corten is not available in this sheet size
Flat-Tiki Tent (FTT).pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.7 MB
The Flat-Tiki Tent (FTT) Heat Shield
Lightweight, transportable, increases the efficiency of the biochar burn
Flat-Tiki Tent (FTT) Heat Shield.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.1 MB
The Kon-Tiki 'Mini'
A biochar kiln for the home gardener. Can also be used as a 3 in 1 - biochar kiln, BBQ and fire pit. Recommended to build with 2mm hot rolled and pickled steel. Just add optional tilting frame and drain. Suitable for use in between the fire seasons. Inspired by Dr Paul Taylor, Hans-Peter Schmidt and original 'Moki' kiln
Kon-Tiki 'Mini'.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 25.9 MB
Original design for pyramid kiln translated to metric measurements
Original design by Kelpie Wilson
The 'Pyramid' biochar kiln.jpg
JPG Image 3.4 MB
The 'Pyramid BBQ Classic' - Build in conjuntion with the 'Original design for pyramid kiln translated to metric measurements' above
A 3 in 1 biochar kiln, BBQ and fire pit. Suitable for use in between the fire seasons
Pyramid BBQ 'Classic' - bent legs - fina
JPG Image 3.7 MB
Good to BBQ with at the beginning of a biochar burn!
Lunch
The 'Pyramid BBQ Classic' in action.JPG
JPG Image 7.1 MB
Literary review of pyrolysis reactors
Published by Washington State Department of Ecology 2011
!!lit review of pyrolysis reactors.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 6.8 MB
Emissions and Char Quality of Flame-Curtain "Kon Tiki" Kilns for Farmer-Scale Charcoal/ Biochar Production
A comparison of flame cap/curtain/TFOD kilns
Kiln showdown - HPS, PT et al.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 612.7 KB
A thermally regenerative ammonia-based battery for efficient harvesting of low-grade thermal energy as electrical power
As the title suggests - possible application for waste heat recovery on flame curtain/cap/TFOD kilns
A thermally regenerative ammonia-based b
Adobe Acrobat Document 987.2 KB

Microbial fuel cells

Microbial fuel cell as new technology for bioelectricity generation: A review
Broad overview of MFC technology - probably best to read first before getting into the nitty gritty of it all
Microbial fuel cell as new technology fo
Adobe Acrobat Document 704.0 KB
Exoelectrogenic bacteria that power microbial fuel cells
Love those nanowires
Exoelectrogenic bacteria that power micr
Adobe Acrobat Document 535.2 KB
Promoting Interspecies Electron Transfer with Biochar.pdf
Mentions Geobacter sulfurreducens
Promoting Interspecies Electron Transfer
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.1 MB
Yu, L. et al. Biochar as an electron shuttle for reductive dechlorination of pentachlorophenol by Geobacter sulfurreducens. Sci. Rep. 5, 16221; doi: 10.1038/srep16221 (2015)
Modelling of biochar with Geobacter sulfurreducens to dechlorinate PCP. Complicated but some interesting results - also worth considering when combining biochar electrodes with Geobacter sulfurreducens in a microbial fuel cell (possibly using contaminated soil with biochar/biochar-compost)
Biochar_as_an_electron_shuttle_for_reduc
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.3 MB
'The impacts of biochar and compost on microbial extracellular electron transfer processes as shown by studies on soil microbial fuel cells' Aurelio Briones and Allison Torres, University of Idaho
Promising results for a 'compost and biochar' soil microbial fuel cell (SMFC). It would be interesting to build one with biochar electrodes and couple to a supercapacitor also with biochar electrodes for a hybrid energy production and storage system - an almost sustainable power source!
MFC EET compost+biochar.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.3 MB
Biochar Based Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) for Enhanced Wastewater Treatment and Nutrient Recovery
An awesome research project about using MFCs using biochar electrodes to purify wastewater while at the same time generating power, reclaiming nutrients and sequestrating carbon (as the spent biochar electrodes can be used as a soil amendment)
!!Biochar Based Microbial Fuel Cell for
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.3 MB
Microbial Fuel Cell and Reverse Electrodialysis Technologies for Renewable Power Generation From Biomass and Salinity Gradients
A must read for renewable energy enthusiasts!
Microbial Fuel Cell and Reverse Electrod
Adobe Acrobat Document 15.0 MB
High-Selectivity Electrochemical Conversion of CO2 to Ethanol using a Copper Nanoparticle/N-Doped Graphene Electrode
Biochar is primarily constructed from graphene sheets and bucky balls...looks like biochar can be doped with google search "Can biochar be doped?" Need to pay for the articles ): Unless you have access at a Uni...
High-Selectivity Electrochemical Convers
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.9 MB

Biochar and viticulture

Opportunities for the re-use of winery industry solid wastes
As the title suggests - good overview but nothing specific about biochar
Opportunities for the reuse of winery in
Adobe Acrobat Document 223.8 KB
Utilisation of Winery Waste Biomass in Fluidised bed Gasification and Combustion
Biochar kiln technology could be used instead of the coal industry's preferred 'fluidised bed gasification and combustion' technology
Utilisation of Winery Waste Biomass in F
Adobe Acrobat Document 5.1 MB
Improving vineyard water efficiency by addition of biochar derived from grape stalks and vineyard prunings
Improving vineyard water efficiency by a
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.3 MB
Grape marc biochar mix - effects on soil structure, water efficiency and fertilizer productivity
Grape marc biochar mix.ppt
Microsoft Power Point Presentation 15.5 MB
Biochar use for Finger Lakes vineyards
devinecharprojectv4-140926113057-phpapp0
Microsoft Power Point Presentation 4.4 MB
Delinat guidelines for wineries
Based on experience with Mythopia vineyard in Switzerland
guidelines_delinat_2013.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.0 MB

Misc biochar information

An (almost) bio-based household economy
Using biochar for various functions at the household economy level
Bio-based household economy.jpg
JPG Image 2.4 MB
A biomass-biochar stove
Individual project while undertaking a Diploma of Permaculture at the former Permaforest Trust in Byron Bay, 2009-2010. Published by James Jenkinson 2010
PFT individual project - A biomass-bioch
Microsoft Power Point Presentation 6.0 MB
Perchigation/Biochar cell/Botanical cell
Dr N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy's design for a 'perchigation' system which basically comprises plastic lined cells with a layer of biochar in the bottom half and soil in the top half with biochar compost plantings; the cells are intra-cellularly connected by irrigation pipes. Water flows freely through cells via gravity and is filtrated by the biochar. Good for poor water quality. The 'wicking effect' is employed that allows a flow of water from the biochar saturated/irrigated section and flows upwards through the plant roots.
biocharperchedwaterirrigationperchigatio
Microsoft Power Point Presentation 249.5 KB
Biochar blends
Published by Dr N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
!bcblends.jpg
JPG Image 131.2 KB
CO 2 -fixing one-carbon metabolism in a cellulose- degrading bacterium Clostridium thermocellum
Awesome potential for CO2 sequestration by inoculating biochar with Clostridium thermocellum (may need some GE...gulp)
CO 2 -fixing one-carbon metabolism in a
Adobe Acrobat Document 1'012.1 KB
An Environmentally Friendly Engineered Azotobacter Strain That Replaces a Substantial Amount of Urea Fertilizer while Sustaining the Same Wheat Yield
Bacterial Nitrogen fixation with an Azotobacter strain - once again, could be used to inoculate biochar
An environment friendly engineered Azoto
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.2 MB

Bamboo biochar

World bamboo resources: A thematic study prepared in the framework of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005
Fascinating overview of world bamboo resources. I'm looking forward to an up-to-date version from GABAR
World bamboo resources A thematic study
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.1 MB
Phytolith-occluded organic C in intensively managed Lei bamboo (Phyllostachys praecox) stands and implications for carbon sequestration
Research on phytolith-occluded carbon (PhytOC)/'plantstone'/'plant opal'/'opal phytolith'/'biogenic opal'/'silica cells'/'grass opal' in bamboo focusing on intensively managed Lei bamboo. Could biochar produced with high yielding PhytOC biomass be the key to long-term carbon bio-sequestration?
Phytolith-occluded organic C in intensiv
Adobe Acrobat Document 892.8 KB
Carbon bio-sequestration within the phytoliths of economic bamboo species
This paper examines bamboo leaf litter of 10 economic bamboo species and it's ability to form PhytOC for long-term carbon bio-sequestration. Bamboo biochar IBC MFC anyone?
!Carbon bio-sequestration within the phy
Adobe Acrobat Document 356.5 KB
Slow Pyrolysis of Bamboo Biomass: Analysis of Biochar Properties
Provides a methodology for assessing bamboo biochar
Slow Pyrolysis of Bamboo Biomass: Analys
Adobe Acrobat Document 855.3 KB

Biochar co-operatives?

ICA - Blueprint for a co-operative decade
Published by the International Co-operative Alliance
ICA Blueprint - Final - Feb 13 EN.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 3.3 MB
World Food Day 2012 - Agricultural Co-operatives: Key to feeding the world - FAO
Published by Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations 2012
World_Food_Day_2012_Leaflet.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 841.7 KB
How to start a co-op
Published by the International Co-operative Alliance
How to establish a co-op_0.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 60.7 KB

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