Biochar apptech - by James Jenkinson,, 8th draft
Biochar apptech – by James Jenkinson, pe
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.2 MB

The Permachar Kit (TPK) for offgrid semi-permanent/permanent settlements




  • Stihl/Ozito 18V electric Chainsaw (helmet/ear muffs)

  • protective glasses

  • bar oil

  • funnel

  • kickback-proof pants (Stihl)

  • Ozito 18V electric circular saw

  • unpowered tree saw

  • wide heavy duty wheelbarrow

  • leather gloves

  • steel capped boots

  • biomass→Flat-Tiki ‘Carbon’/Kon-Tiki 1.2/1.65m biochar kiln→biochar

  • Shredder/hammer mill (BBT (petrol) or AC/DC electric hammer mill + solar generator eg. Goal Zero/Suaoki with Goal Zero ‘Nomad’ 100W panel)

  • If using a Kon-Tiki 1.2m/1.65m:

    • 1*IBC

    • 12V SHURFLO water pump (for kiln quenching and kiln draining for the Kon-Tiki)

    • Goal Zero ‘Guardian’

    • 12V AGM battery eg.Fusion 40Ah

    • Nomad 14 plus solar panel (with 8mm output port to interface with the ‘Guardian’)

    • 10m 1” rural line

    • 2* 1” end connectors (BSP)

    • 1/2”F to 1”F socket (BSP)

    • 2m 1/2” flexible hose

    • 1/2” end connector (BSP)

    • 1/2” socket (BSP)

  • 5 large heavy duty tarps for feedstock and biochar drying

  •  20 litre 85% phosphoric acid Food Grade (
  • laser thermometer dodocool GM900 (ebay)

  • Digitech pH meter QM-1670 (Jaycar)


The Permafert Swale (TPS)


  • Mattock/shovel

  • Irrigation for the TPS - 19mm poly, Netafim miniscape, fittings (threaded tap plug, takeoffs, plugs, elbows), Ozito 18V jigsaw, UMIC, MI water bladder/dam


Permafert middens with central drilled PVC 40mm water pipes (1m long)


1*IBC – cut in 2/3 – 1/3 for Permafert midden/loam + Permafert slurry/ ‘activated biochar’ mixing, 2/3 for Permafert slurry/’activated biochar’ mixing


Terra preta vermicompost (TPV) (used as a Compost Tea inoculum)


  • 4*50 litre opaque plastic containers (Bunnings/Cheap as Chips) OR

  • wheelie bin with kit OR
  • bath tub OR
  • worm farm stack system PLUS
  • hessian sack (cover)
  • Tiger, red or blue 'composting' earthworms

  • coir (worm bedding)

  • milled biochar ('activated' for the Kon-Tiki) - added with food scraps

  • fungus eg. Mycorrhizal

  • food scraps


Compost tea (added to Permafert slurry for Flat-tiki ‘Carbon’/added to milled (dried) ‘activated biochar’ for the Kon-Tiki 1.2m/1.65m)


  • 2*20l plastic buckets

  • aquarium pump (AC/DC eg. mains/run off solar generator)

  • PVC tea bag stand

  • 4*tea bag/laundry bag

  • Microscope (Soil Food Web Institute + online microscope course) eg. mains/run off solar generator


Additional ingredients for Permafert slurry (for Flat-Tiki ‘Carbon’/'The Permastove V3')


  • sea minerals eg. liquid kelp, SEA-90

  • carbohydrates eg.molasses

  • nutrients eg.blood and bone, NPKS


The Permachar Nursery (TPN)


  • 100mm pots, potting mix (with 5% milled biochar)

  • Seeds eg. Eden Seeds – nut trees, fruit trees, acacias, vegetables, herbs

  • Mist bottle (for seeds before sprouting)

  • 10 litre Portable weed sprayer (for watering seedlings after sprouting)

  • Brix refractometer/spectrometer (beta) (




  1. 5*37 litre clear/transparent plastic containers (Bunnings) OR

  2. CarboPIU A shaped tunnel with triangles cut at the end, A shaped PVC frame OR

  3. CarboPIU boxes


Water filtration (Aqueous Solutions handbook)


  • HDPE #2 plastic barrels

  • biochar

  • gravel

  • sand

  • PVC fittings

  • pipes




  • tent(s) (, stretches/sheets,blankets, pillows

  • solar showers

  • biochar toilets (Bill and Melissa Gates Foundation)/self-composting toilets (Humanure handbook)

  • 5*10 litre heavy duty plastic buckets with steel handles/crockery/eating implements/plates, bowls/steel saucepans/wok,steel wool,biodegradeable detergent




The Energy Kit (TEK)


‘The Permastove V3’ (beta) TLUD/centrifugal USB fan/26,000mAh USB A/USB C graphene power bank, 2*LED lights, 2*USB extension leads/solar panel 20W/6.4” smartphone (min specs 4/64 with microSD up to 512gb)




pelletiser OR pellets – rice husk/sawdust/many other feedstocks